History of Mumbai

Mumbai Skyline at Night

The Beginning

Till the 17th century, Mumbai (earlier known as Bombay) was a combination of seven small islands in the Arabian Sea.

Koli fishermen were the first inhabitants who developed their villages and settlements along with the cost of Mumbai.

Their goddess was Mumbadevi, on whom the city received its name Mumbai.

Portuguese Rule

Hindus, Buddhist, and Muslim rulers ruled the greater Bombay region. However, after Vasco da Gama of Portugal landed at Calicut in 1498, Bombay witnessed the dawn of development.

The Portuguese acquired the 7 islands from the Sultan of Gujarat in 1534 in exchange for military support.

They set up their capital at Bassein and controlled the island for more than a century, and converted thousands to Christianity in and around Bombay.

Portugal gifted Bombay to King Charles II

The King of Portugal gifted the islands to King Charles II of England in 1661; This was a marriage gift to King Charles II on his marriage with a Portuguese princess (Catherine of Braganza).

King Charles II further leased the island to the then East India Company. The company then fortified the island to protect it against any foreign attack.

7 islands merged into one Mumbai

The British connected the island by building several causeways and undertook multiple reclamations to bring the islands together to form one land.

Bandra Worli Sea-Link

India Independence

The Municipal Corporation was established in 1872 and the Bombay Port Trust in 1873.

Bombay (currently Mumbai) developed as India’s financial center for trade and industries. They continued up to 1947.

This is the year (1947) when India attained Independence from British rule.

What is Mumbai famous for?

It has the highest number of millionaires and billionaires among all cities in India. 
 
Mumbai is home to three UNESCO World Heritage Sites like the Elephanta Caves, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, and the city’s distinctive ensemble of Victorian Art Deco buildings, and many more.
 

What is the main food of Mumbai?

The staple foods consumed by Mumbai residents include rice, aromatic fish curries, Indian bread chapatis and rotis, vegetable curries, and various pulses. 
 
Since Mumbai is multicultural, with various people from different states staying here, you will see food from all parts of India here.
 
The Vadapav is the most famous street food in Mumbai.
 
 Some More Pictures of Mumbai
Gorai Beach
India slush ice street vendors cart, hoping to trade before the end of a day on the beach at Gorai, Mumbai, India.

Gorai Beach
Gorai Beach is very popular among couples and families and an excellent option for one day picnic.

Gateway of India
Gateway of India is a famous landmark in Mumbai. The monument is very close to Taj Hotel.

History of Mumbai
The Gateway of India and boats as seen from the Mumbai Harbour in Mumbai, India

History of Mumbai
Bombay High Court at Mumbai is one of the oldest High Courts of India

History of Mumbai
Marve Beach is a good place to witness the fisherman bringing in their fish catch early morning.

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